L’Afrique est un continent diversifié, et donc ce dernier, avec 54 pays et plus de 1500 langues, ne peut être traité comme un groupe homogène. Africa is home to 15% of the world’s population, but it accounts for less than 3% of the global air traffic. Vu les vastes distances et l’inefficacité des transports routiers ou ferroviaires, les transports aériens constituent le choix de prédilection pour le fret et les voyages d’affaires, de loisirs ou touristiques. En outre, la richesse croissante de l’ensemble du continent a conduit à une plus grande demande de transports aériens.
Une période palpitante s’annonce pour l’aviation africaine :
L’industrie de l’aviation a un rôle dynamique à jouer dans la réalisation d’un développement durable en Afrique et dans sa contribution pour aider l’Afrique à prendre son essor. Some challenges are:
#1 Although major improvements have been achieved, often airport infrastructure is aged, the size impropriated, technology not updated and safety and security is deficient. Many airports were built in the 1960s and 1970s and are in dire need of extreme makeovers. Majority of African airports are grappling with ageing infrastructure that is responsible for safety lapses, environmental pollution and flight disruptions. These are bottlenecks that limit the capacity of airports to handle large volume of passengers and cargo. Capacity shortage of up to 50% are expected in 50% of all regions if there is no improvement. However African airports are very important for many international airlines due to their high profit and stable passenger growth.
#2 Governments across the continent realize airport hubs are windows to the continent and steps must be taken to eliminate bottle necks and fuel growth in the airport sector. Pour se préparer à cette expansion, ils investissent dans des projets de développement d’aéroport. Africa has a plan for at least 40 greenfield airports projects across Africa.
#3 Airports often used to be characterized as natural monopolies, but today airports are facing increasing competition from each other. Airports are capital-intensive assets, which provide valuable support to a whole range of other industries, particularly logistics and tourism … 30 % of Africa’s tourism-related jobs are supported by visitors arriving by air.
#4 Safety at the airports is essential, especially considering that a significant part of aviation accidents and incidents happen near or at the airports, during landing, taxiing or take-off. The implementation of new airport technology is required in the air and on ground to enhance safety in aircraft movement and operations. Despite the challenge of poor funding holding back African airports in terms of meeting the technology needs of the airports, it is still vital for African airports to consider such efficient technologies as there is no substitute to safety.